July 6, 2019
Robotics has developed separately from artificial intelligence (AI) for a long time, but now automation has no prospects without it. Analysts have considered the practice of using AI to create robots.
The concept of artificial intelligence is inseparably related to robotics. In essence, a robot is a machine that is able to take the environment reality, interpret it and act accordingly, i. e. think.
The emergence of the terms “robot” and “artificial intelligence” is highly time-distorted (1921 and 1956 respectively), and over the past half-century the two areas have converged and diverged. But now the progress of computing capacity, a solid amount of practical experience and the availability of information are forcing these disciplines to unite again, analysts write in the annual review of the robotics market for 2019.
Market of robots: threats and opportunities
In defining the authors of the research AI is the ability of programmes and devices to interpret data, learn from it and use the knowledge gained to achieve goals, including independently. In turn, AI is divided into two types:
A strong AI is an intellect in the broad meaning, capable of addressing problems on an equal footing with the human mind;
A weak AI deals with narrowly specialised tasks and achieves specific goals.
Three myths about substituting humans with robots
Analysts report today that there is no strong AI in nature yet, and there are reasonable doubts about its feasibility. Therefore, now and in the near future, artificial intelligence is a weak AI that deals with individual problems and tasks. Solving these problems is helped by a set of technologies grouped by the authors of the report into five species.